The registration office for designations of aluminium and aluminium alloys and tempers is the aluminum association inc. The addition of magnesium to the aluminumzinc alloys develops the strength potential of this alloy system, especially in the range of 3 to 7,5% zn. International designation system for wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys issued by the aluminum. Metallography of aluminium alloys 20 pages, 7 figures basic level prepared by e. Heterogeneous alloys, such as tinlead solder and the mercury amalgam sometimes used to fill teeth, consist of a mixture of crystalline phases with different compositions. For its simplicity and flexibility the designation system for wrought alloys created 1954 by the north american aluminum association aa was adopted in 1970. International alloy designations and chemical composition limits. Illustrations of applications for the 2xxx series alloys include aircraft internal and external structures fig. May 17, 2005 aluminium alloys are normally supplied as semifinished products such as sheet, plate, coil, extrusions, tube or wire. Chemical composition limits are specified for aluminium and aluminium alloys. Catalogue of european standards in the aluminium and.
The most commonlyencountered system for identifying aluminum alloys is that of the aluminum association. Alloy and temper designation systems for aluminum and. In others, aluminium is present in such small quantity that. Uk aluminium industry fact sheet 6 aluminium the metal. Alloys 2011, 2017, and 2117 are widely used for fasteners and screwmachine stock. Guy, the essentials of materials science, mcgrawhill, 1976. Evangelista dipartimento di meccanica, universita di anconaitaly objectives this lecture aims at providing a survey of the metallographic techniques available for the examination of aluminium and its alloys. Aluminium and aluminium alloys wrought products temper designations 1 scope this international standard establishes temper designations as required for identification for all product forms of wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys. The following organizations are signatories to the declaration of accord on an international alloy designation system for wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys which is printed on page 31 of this publication. Thus the use of steel as a structure adds additional weight by 60%. Experimental analysis of aluminium alloys for aerospace. Aluminium alloys, theory and applications intechopen. If you have any questions or good suggestions on our products and site, or if you want to know more information about our products, please write them and send to us, we will contact you within one business day.
Aluminium alloy general information temper designations. Alznmg alloys such as 7005 will resist hot cracking better and exhibit better joint performance than the alznmgcu alloys such as 7075. Aluminium is the worlds most abundant metal and is the third most common element, comprising 8% of the earths crust. This article is an abbreviated version of our ondemand course aluminum metallurgy. This standard is also the basis for wrought aluminium and aluminium alloy and temper designation standards of iso and cen, which therefore permits cross reference between these designation standards. Aluminum alloys effects of alloying elements total.
The properties of castings are related to the composition of the castings alloy, but also. Casting aluminium and aluminium alloys are primarily intended for the production of castings by solidification of the molten alloy in a mould. Part ii thermally treated t temper aluminum alloys by joseph c. These alloys require solution heat treatment to obtain optimum properties. Aluminium the metal 2 aluminium is strong and ductile, properties that, combined with low density, have resulted in extensive use of aluminium in transport applications. In homogeneous alloys, atoms of the different elements are distributed uniformly. Physical metallurgy of aluminium alloys ved prakash ie a oy is of heat treatment of aluminium alloys was first dis g n2 n g. By addition of alloys like silicon, magnesium, iron and manganese improve its mechanical properties and its strengthtoweight ratio and widely used for aircraft and space vehicles, construction and building materials, and electrical transmission lines and the alloys which are used for aerospace applications are 6061, 7075 aluminium alloys. Numerical designation system this european standard specifies a fivefigure numerical designation system for aluminium alloys and master alloys as specified in the relevant european standards. Rather, it is a document intended as an information source, for use by those involved in. Alloying elements series designation pure aluminium aa1xx. Reserved for future use wrought alloys that constitute heattreatable precipitationhardenable aluminum alloys include the 2xxx, 6xxx, 7xxx, and some of the 8xxx alloys.
Aluminumzinc alloys containing other elements offer the highest combination of tensile properties in wrought aluminum alloys. Casting aluminum alloys are quite widespread and find more and more applications in modern industry. Alloys is based on usas national standard american national standard alloy and temper. Examples include brass, bronze, and the coinage alloys. Cayless, alcan rolled products company systems for designating alumi num and aluminum alloys that incorporate the product form wrought, casting, or foundry ingot, and its respective temper with the exception of foundry ingots. The 8 xxx series alloys may contain appreciable amounts of tin, lithium, andor iron. Designation systems for wrought aluminium, wrought aluminium. The strengthtoweight ratio offered by aa6xxx alloys and their enhanced mechanical properties have become crucial criteria for their use in light weight military vehicles, rockets, missiles, aircrafts, and cars, used for both defence and civil purpose. Aluminium is easily recycled, and can be recycled repeatedly without loss of quality, making it a highly sustainable material. International temper designation systems for wrought aluminum. All forms can then be readily fabricated into finished products using a wide range of processes.
Non heattreatable alloys work hardening h14 general term for processes which increase strength of aluminium and reduce the ductility, e. Sometimes called work hardening alloys, temper is denoted by letter h. The microhardness test was used for the hardness measurements of the investigated alloys. Aluminum alloys are second only to steels in use as structural metals. Pdf aluminum and aluminum alloys download full pdf. Aluminium alloys are supplied in a very wide range of tempers with two principal groups.
Aa designation of wrought aluminium and its alloys 1. Isbn 9789533072449, pdf isbn 9789535159742, published 20110204. History, properties and alloys the history of the light metal industry, as that of many other industries in this century, is one of notable and ever accelerating expansion and development. Dislocation extra plane of atoms inserted between two other planes of atoms present in all metals about 10 million dislocationscm2 in ascast metals a. Wrought aluminum alloys a system of fourdigit numerical designations is used to identify wrought aluminum and wrought aluminum alloys the first digit x xxx indicates the alloy group as follows aluminum 99% and greater copper manganese silicon magnesium magnesium and silicon zinc other element 1xxx 2xxx 3xxx 4xxx 5xxx 6xxx 7xxx 8xxx. Understanding the aluminum alloy designation system. The softness of this metal can restrict its use for the engineeringpurposes. Pdf alloy designation, processing, and use of aa6xxx series. International alloy designations and chemical composition. Aluminum readily forms alloys with a wide range of other elements, from lithium to lead. Aluminium and aluminium alloys wrought products temper.
Page 4 of 4 please contact our engineers and metallurgists for further data and applications advice. This article discusses the different aluminum alloy families and the different methods for strengthening aluminum. Aluminium alloys grouped by major alloying elements. Illustrations of applications for the 2xxxx series alloys include.
Introduction to aluminium aluminium data sheet and aluminium. Partial annealing h24 a heating process which reduces strength and increases ductility of aluminium after work hardening. These are the socalled light alloys, in which aluminium is a main constituent, and which can be divided into. Recent trends in processing and degradation of aluminium alloys 66 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 0. Aluminium grades, formability, fabrication and finishing. The 7xxx series alloys alzn the 7xxx series of alloys can also be separated into two groups as far as weldability is concerned. According to different estimates, up to 2030% of all aluminum products manufactured. This is a list of some important aluminum or aluminium alloys. Alloydesignation,processing,anduseofaa6xxx seriesaluminiumalloys. Aluminum is the second most commonly used metal after. Aa designation of cast aluminium and its alloys 1, 2. The most commonlyencountered system for identifying aluminum alloys. Pure aluminium aa1xxx copper aa2xxx manganese aa3xxx silicon aa4xxx magnesium aa5xxx magnesium and silicon aa6xxx zinc aa7xxx lithium aa8xxx table 2.
Alloy and temper designation systems for aluminum and aluminum alloys r. The microstructure of the homogenised and aged alloys was examined using an optic microscope, and scanning electron microscope. Catalogue of european standards in the aluminium and aluminium. International temper designation systems for wrought aluminum alloys. Designation systems for wrought aluminium, wrought aluminium alloys, casting alloys and other metallurgical aspects the fourdigit designation system for the identification of wrought aluminium and wrought aluminium alloys this system is a fourdigit numerical system in which the first digit indicates the alloy group as follows. Usa 1400 crystal drive suite 430 arlington, va 22202 usa. Aluminum and aluminum alloys materials data repository home. Mechanisms for strengthening aluminum industrial metallurgists. In the quaternary covered sequen,overe tly elaborated by merica wallenberg wanga and system alcumgzn isomorphous. Aluminium alloy is a relatively more expensive material than steel although its weight is onethird of the steel. Alloy designatidn and chemical composition shall be in accordance with section 2. Acm alloys are in the aluminum associations 8000 series of alloys and are recognized for. Nonheat treatable alloys alloys whose strengthmechanical properties are achieved by cold working rolling, extruding, etc. They have excellent strength over a wide range of temperature.280 1232 1664 659 1297 313 1018 435 960 648 805 1647 1218 475 1237 1117 1508 1311 461 1384 249 945 1273 192 618 432 539 589 1642 1003 1204 405 199 1205 828 1638 805 1414 1492 608 157 419 484 534 1062