John dudley, 1st duke of northumberland kg 1504 22 august 1553 was an english general, admiral, and politician, who led the government of the young king edward vi from 1550 until 1553, and unsuccessfully tried to install lady jane grey on the english throne after the kings death. John dudley, duke of northumberland, earl of warwick. Duke of northumberland wikipedia republished wiki 2. The english soldier and statesman john dudley, duke of northumberland ca. John dudley, the earl of warwick, who had successfully crushed kets rebellion, gained control of the council, and somerset was sent to the tower on oct. The use of the book of common prayer became law in 1549. Haywards book, based on manuscript as well as printed sources, is important as the first detailed study of the reign and as an example of politic historiography. This work, which outlined the order of prayer for the english church, was largely the work of cranmer and was not radically different from the catholic ritual other than being in english. Almost all historical sources regard him as an unscrupulous schemer whose policies undermined. Warwick was sent to norfolk to suppress revolt, which he did with admirable efficiency at the battle of dussindale.
John dudley, duke of northumberland, 15041553 by david loades. Ralph percy, 12th duke of northumberland wikipedia. On 25 may 1553, lady jane grey married lord guilford dudley, the fourth son of john dudley, duke of northumberland, at the insistence of the dying king edward vi. John dudley, duke of northumberland 15041553 oxford.
His father was executed by henry viii on charges of treason he was the dudley of epsom and dudley. A second book of common prayer was imposed by another act of uniformity 1552. He is the beneficial owner of northumberland estates, the titular owner of alnwick castle and has an estimated wealth of. Charlotte percy, duchess of northumberland, wife of the third duke, was governess of the future queen victoria. Apr 10, 2017 a central figure in the council of king henry viii, and king in all but name for three years during the reign of edward vi, the duke of somerset met a dramatic end when he was beheaded at tower hill in 1552. There had been some reduction in the number of saints days celebrated, and the dissolution of the religious houses, but doctrine, as summarised in the act of six articles of 1539 was catholic. John dudley, duke of northumberland english politician and. The son of edmund dudley, a minister of henry vii executed by henry viii, john dudley became the ward of sir. During the war in the north this same year, warwick led a vanguard of 4,000, crossing the river tweed to enter scotland. John dudley, the duke of northumberland, took over. He was john dudleyviscount lislethe earl of warwickthe duke of northumberlandhe was born in 1504.
The unjust unpopularity of john dudley, duke of northumberland. Duke of northumberland facts biography yourdictionary. Lieutenant general hugh percy, 2nd duke of northumberland frs 14 august 1742 10 july 1817 was an officer in the british army and later a british peer. He participated in the battles of lexington and concord and the battle of long island during the american war of independence, but resigned his command in 1777 due to disagreements with his superior, general william howe.
Read the fulltext online edition of john dudley, duke of northumberland, 1504 1553 1996. During the faction fighting of 1549 50 he swapped religion so he didnt miss out on gaining power. Edward seymour, 1st duke of somerset protector of england. In 1549 there was a rebellion against the new prayer book in devon and cornwall. It was easily put down, but somerset fell from power. Somersets successor, the duke of northumberland, inherited many of the same. This book reconstructs the personal and political life of john dudley 15041553, viscount lisle, earl of warwick and duke of northumberland. Drawing upon new research, this book looks at john dudleys whole career, and by.
His uncle, the earl of hertford, was named protector, and created duke of somerset. John dudley, duke of northumberland was a tudor soldier and politician who became chief. The rule by northumberland scool, the revision website. The use of the book of common prayer became law in. Both of these, however, carried on the work of the reformation.
Wishing to make the crown more solvent, he knew that he would have to seek peace. On 22nd august 1553, john dudley, earl of warwick and duke of northumberland, was beheaded on tower hill for his part in putting his daughterinlaw, lady jane grey, on the throne in place of mary i. D m loades this book reconstructs the personal and political life of john dudley 15041553, viscount lisle, earl of warwick and duke of northumberland. This chapter details the life and career of john dudley from 1547 1549. Although dudley, later duke of northumberland, never took the title of.
Alan ian percy, 8th duke of northumberland, kg, cbe, mvo, td 17 april 1880 23 august 1930 was a british army officer. For three and a half years 1549 1553 as lord president of the council, he was leader of edward vis minority government. Hugh percy, 3rd duke of northumberland kg, pc 20 april 1785 11 february 1847, styled earl percy until 1817, was a british aristocrat and tory politician who served as lord lieutenant of ireland under the duke of wellington from 1829 to 1830. When henry viii died in 1547, worship in english was not significantly different from in any catholic country in europe, other than in eschewing all reference to the pope. Warwick was the protectors second in command, and entrusted with the most responsible position in an advancing army. Northumberland played the role of a cunning machiavellian in sir john haywards life and reigne of king edward the sixth, first published in 1630. Sep 17, 2016 in 1549, however, thomas was restored in blood, and in 1557 he became by a new creation earl of northumberland, 7th of his line. John dudley, duke of northumberland, 15041553 book, 1996. John dudley, duke of northumberland, english politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of england from 1549 to 1553, during the minority of king edward vi. Although the whole thing was young kings idea, poor northumberland was cast as a criminal mastermind using a union between lady jane and his son to grab the throne.
Meantime, in 1551, john dudley, earl of warwick, was created duke of northumberland q. Ralph george algernon percy, 12th duke of northumberland, dl born 16 november 1956, styled lord ralph percy until 1995, is an english hereditary peer and rural landowner and current head of the house of percy. The council was first led by his uncle edward seymour, 1st duke of somerset 1547 1549, and then by john dudley, 1st earl of warwick, from 1551 duke of northumberland. John dudley, duke of northumberland, in full john dudley, duke of northumberland, earl of warwick, viscount lisle, baron lisle, born 1504died august 22, 1553, london, england, english politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of england from 1549 to 1553, during the minority of king edward vi. An english prayer book was issued in 1549 with an act of uniformity to enforce it. John dudley, duke of northumberland english politician. He was probably descended from the old baronial house of sutton alias dudley. May 24, 2017 on 25 may 1553, lady jane grey married lord guilford dudley, the fourth son of john dudley, duke of northumberland, at the insistence of the dying king edward vi. The duke is a sponsor of the northumberland church of england academy. For three and a half years 15491553 as lord president of the council, he was the leader of edward vis minority government. Somersets successor, the duke of northumberland, inherited many of the same problems and more. John dudley, duke of northumberland history learning site. The failure of this led to the execution of dudley.
The crises which filled somersets protectorate were not resolved by that event. Almost all historical sources regard him as an unscrupulous schemer whose policies undermined englands political stability. Its most famous holders are the house of percy alias perci, who were the most powerful noble family in northern england for much of the middle ages. For three and a half years 1549 1553 as lord president of the council, he was the leader of edward vis minority government. Duke of northumberland is a noble title that has been created three times in english and british history, twice in the peerage of england and once in the peerage of great britain. Northumberland entered the royal navy in march 1805, aged 12, on board hms tribune and served in the napoleonic wars. John dudley, earl of warwick and duke of northumberland c. Foreign policynorthumberland was concerned with expenditure on the wars with france and scotland.
His involvement in the notorious attempt to frustrate marys succession to the throne in favour of his daughterinlaw, jane. Algernon percy, 4th duke of northumberland wikipedia. Released later, he was ordered to appear before the council on oct. After a battle lasting two days warwicks german cavalry broke the peasants and kett and his brother rode out of the battle, leaving his followers. Ralph percy was born the second son and one of seven children of hugh percy, 10th duke. Duke of northumberland latest news updates, pictures, video.
John dudley, duke of northumberland, viscount lisle, earl of warwick, was the eldest son of henry vii s extortionate minister, edmund dudley, by his second wife elizabeth, daughter of edward grey, viscount lisle, and coheiress of her brother john, viscount lisle. Over 14 million journal, magazine, and newspaper articles. Edward seymour, 1st duke of somerset, the protector of england during part of the minority of king edward vi reigned 154753. John dudley, duke of northumberland 15041553 9780198201939. On 8 april 2014, the estates management announced the date of a new art sale to raise. He was not a peer himself, but both his parents came from, or married into, noble families. Feb 08, 2020 ralph george algernon percy is the 12th duke of northumberland. While admiring somersets personal qualities and motives, scholars have generally blamed his lack of political acumen for the failure of his policies. Writing for history extra, margaret scard explores the key moments that contributed to somersets demise and considers the involvement of the.
Northumberland s friends, sir john gates and sir thomas palmer, were also executed on this day in 1553 for supporting northumberland. In 1549 france had openly declared war on england, taking full advantage of its domestic. His mother remarried, and the lands and peerage remained within the. His involvement in the notorious attempt to frustrate marys claim to the throne in favour of his daughterinlaw, jane grey. Lord josceline percy, second son of the fifth duke, was a politician. The current holder of this title is ralph percy, 12th duke of northumberland. English politician and soldier who was virtual ruler of england from 1549 to.
John dudley, 1st duke of northumberland all things robert dudley. The name john dudley, duke of northumberland, evokes the image of the ambitious. Edwards reign was marked by economic problems and social unrest that, in 1549, erupted into riot and rebellion. An early step to reform was the introduction of the book of common prayer of 1549. Lord algernon percy, second son of the sixth duke, was a politician. Who decided edward seymour, duke of somerset, should be. John dudley, duke of northumberland 15041553 book depository. Northumberland was the second son of general hugh percy, 2nd duke of northumberland, and his second wife frances julia, daughter of peter burrell.
He was educated at eton and st johns college, cambridge naval career. For three and a half years 15491553 as lord president of the council. Several other members of the percy family have also gained distinction. John dudley is most associated with the attempt to get lady jane grey onto the throne of england on the death of edward. John dudley, duke of northumberland 15041553 by david loades, 9780198201939, available at book depository with free delivery worldwide. The title was created for the third time in 1766 for hugh percy, 2nd earl of northumberland, the former sir hugh smithson, 4th baronet 17141786, who had assumed by act of parliament in 1750 for himself and his descendants the surname percy, due to his having married in 1740 the daughter of algernon seymour, 7th duke of somerset 16841750, whose mother lady elizabeth percy 16671722. Edward vi of england mcgill school of computer science. This book reconstructs the personal and political life of john dudley 15041553, viscount lisle, earl of warwick, and duke of northumberland. For three and a half years 1549 1553 as lord president. Although henry viii had broken the link between the english church and rome, it was during edwards reign that protestantism was established for the first time in england.273 640 1117 1581 661 602 625 1363 403 482 783 895 1663 386 591 866 1540 475 1024 1013 96 922 1028 105 158 1269 86 199 1267 748 1098 688 734 572 873 60 78